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Медицинская иммунология

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АДАПТИВНЫЙ Т-КЛЕТОЧНЫЙ ОТВЕТ В ПАТОГЕНЕЗЕ ВИРУСНОЙ ИНФЕКЦИИ, ОБУСЛОВЛЕННОЙ ВИРУСОМ ГЕПАТИТА С

https://doi.org/10.15789/1563-0625-2016-4-309-316

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Аннотация

Вирусный гепатит С, будучи наиболее частой причиной поражения печени, представляет глобальную проблему, поскольку характеризуется широкой распространенностью, высокими показателями хронизации и значительно повышает риск возникновения цирроза печени и гепатоцеллюлярной карциномы. Многочисленными исследованиями показано, что ключевую роль в патогенезе и исходе инфекции, обусловленной вирусом гепатита С, играют антиген-специфические CD4+ и CD8+T-клетки. Развитие сильного устойчивого и мультиэпитопного Т-клеточного ответа приводит к элиминации вируса, тогда как несостоятельность адаптивного Т-клеточного ответа ассоциируется с персистенцией вируса. В настоящем обзоре приводятся данные о патогенетической значимости Т-клеточного ответа в элиминации вируса, вирусной персистенции и развитии гепатита, а также обсуждаются возможные механизмы несостоятельности Т-клеточного ответа при хронической инфекции.

Об авторах

Е. А. Олейник
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт фундаментальной и клинической иммунологии»
Россия

аспирант лаборатории клеточной иммунотерапии,

630099, г. Новосибирск, Ядринцевская ул., 14,

ct_lab@mail.ru



О. Ю. Леплина
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт фундаментальной и клинической иммунологии»
Россия
д.м.н., ведущий научный сотрудник лаборатории клеточной иммунотерапии


А. А. Останин
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт фундаментальной и клинической иммунологии»
Россия
д.м.н., профессор, главный научный сотрудник лаборатории клеточной иммунотерапии


Н. М. Старостина
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт фундаментальной и клинической иммунологии»
Россия
заслуженный врач РФ, к.м.н., заведующая отделением иммунологии Клиники иммунопатологии


Е. Р. Черных
ФГБНУ «Научно-исследовательский институт фундаментальной и клинической иммунологии»
Россия
д.м.н., профессор, член-корр. РАН, заведующая лабораторией клеточной иммунотерапии


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Для цитирования:


Олейник Е.А., Леплина О.Ю., Останин А.А., Старостина Н.М., Черных Е.Р. АДАПТИВНЫЙ Т-КЛЕТОЧНЫЙ ОТВЕТ В ПАТОГЕНЕЗЕ ВИРУСНОЙ ИНФЕКЦИИ, ОБУСЛОВЛЕННОЙ ВИРУСОМ ГЕПАТИТА С. Медицинская иммунология. 2016;18(4):309-316. https://doi.org/10.15789/1563-0625-2016-4-309-316

For citation:


Oleynik E.A., Leplina O.Y., Ostanin A.A., Starostina N.M., Chernykh E.R. ADAPTIVE T-CELL RESPONSE IN PATHOGENESIS OF HEPATITIS C INFECTION. Medical Immunology (Russia). 2016;18(4):309-316. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15789/1563-0625-2016-4-309-316

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